Self Monitoring Charts are a great tool that is not used very frequently. Typically, teachers will opt for a standard behavior chart where the day is broken down into subject areas and the teacher gives points, smiley faces, checks, etc when the student is meeting the target behavior. A self monitoring chart can be developed in a very similar fashion, but with the added bonus of starting to put more responsibility on the student for “checking” their behavior.
While older students may be able to complete a chart without having a “teacher rating” system attached, I have found that creating charts that have both a teacher and student rating scale are more effective. An example of a very simple chart that does not divide the day into individual time frames is below. In this chart two behaviors are identified as target behaviors–I will stay in my assigned area and I will complete my classwork. The teacher and student review the target behaviors at the beginning of the day. At the end of the day, both the teacher and the student rate how successful the student was at meeting the goals.
This particular form has a place for the parent to sign and a reward could be attached to receiving either all smiley faces or matching correctly to the teacher’s rating.
For more challenging students, the day will probably need to be broken down into smaller parts such as it is in the below chart. In this chart the day is broken down into 6 subject areas and the teacher and student can rate a target behavior during each of the subjects. There is also a place to circle if the student and teacher rating matched. I have found this to be particularly motivating for students and prevents them from circling positive marks even when their behavior has been poor. In order to attempt to get a student to be honest and truly monitor their own behavior, it may be beneficial to reward the number of matches between teacher and student behavior even when both teacher and student rate the behavior poor.
Another option could be the following chart which includes three behaviors (Stay in Seat, Hands and feet to self, and complete work) and +/- signs to rate the behavior. It does not give a place to indicate if the teacher and student rating matched, but it does give a goal # at the top. This is the number of “+” marks that are circled by the teacher. At the end of the day if the number is the same on both the student and teacher copy, then the student could earn an added reward or bonus.
In this example the goal number is 10. The top copy is the student copy and the bottom copy is the teacher copy. Based on the student’s ratings, he received 12 “+” marks. However, the teacher rating is different and is only 9 “+” marks, thus not meeting his goal. This provides an opportunity for the teacher and student to go back through the day and discuss the differing opinions of behavior. Depending on the maturity and developmental level of the student, it can lead to a more realistic view of their own behavior.
Self Monitoring Charts are definitely worth a try when the class-wide systems is not working for a student and when you are trying to teach students to monitor their own behavior….something they will eventually need to learn!
You can get a copy of some of the different self monitoring charts shown above by clicking on the following image.